Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicinal therapy, which uses the volatile plants oils including the essential oils, which provides physical and psychological wellness. Though, the origin of aromatherapy is still in unknown but it is thought that, Egyptians first invented the extraction machines but it were the Chinese who used this therapy as a mood enhancer. The concept of aromatherapy was first given by a group of scientists and doctors of Europe in 1907 and later 1937, the first documentation of aromatherapy took place in a French book Aromathérapie: Les Huiles Essentielles. Later in 1933 an English version of this book was published.
Apart from using the essential oils, aromatherapy uses several complimentary materials such as vegetable oils, herb extracts, hydrosols, milk, sugar and mud for practice. The basic idea of aromatherapy includes three applications- Aerial diffusion, direct inhalation and topical application.
Aerial Diffusion: This application is generally used for disinfecting the air or surrounding.
Direct Inhalation: This therapy is utilized for respiratory problems, infections and as decongestant. Direct inhalation has many psychological effects too.
Topical Application: Used for massage and therapeutic skin care.
In Aromatherapy, soothing fragrances and essential oils are used in an unadulterated form, which has the capability of healing the body, mind and soul by reducing stress and aches. The essential oils are pure natural as they are extracted from the roots, leaves and flowers of the herbs. They contain different active ingredients in them, which determines the healing capacity of the oils. The essential oils cannot be applied directly to the body in concentrated form, as they are very powerful. So, adding several vegetable oil, kernel oil or almond oil first dilutes them and then they are applied for treatment. These oils are also called carrier oils. Several essential oils are mixed together with carrier oils before use. So, it?s a complex process and need proper knowledge. This is the reason aromatherapy is still limited to the spas and parlors.
The main effect of aroma used in aromatherapy is on brain through the olfactory system and the essential oils have direct medicinal effects too. These oils help against pain, short-term memory loss, hair loss, itching and cold. Aromatherapy provides us a deep sense of rejuvenation and relaxation and improves our blood circulation. It doesn?t cure the disease but helps the body to cure naturally by enhancing the immune system. Thus, the benefits of aromatherapy are numerous and can be used as anti-fungal, expectorant, sedative, antiseptic, astringent, analgesic, antibacterial and tonic.
Aromatherapy has proved to be one of the best natural and effective methods with several therapeutic benefits without any side effects if practiced properly. The aroma of different oils is pleasing and really has great effects on body, mind and soul.