Among the life style oriented diseases that continue to rise in affecting millions of people worldwide muscular skeletal diseases and painful syndromes related with our bones constitute a great majority. Backache though can be minor and critical and can also be chronic; with continued pain and persistence symptoms it can take severe form and can inhibit natural physical movement of the body to a great extent. Especially in the civic industrialized lifestyle where people actually grinded under stupendous stress and all kinds of syndromes related with lack of physical movement and unhealthy way of orienting with the body, back ache and all other muscular skeletal problems are considered to have grave implications on our body and physical activities. Here in relation to describing the clinical facts about backache we are going to provide definition, range of varying symptoms, causes, diagnosis and finally treatment of back ache.
What is Backache?
Backache is the pain experienced at the back and it is a very common problem among the adults all over the world. It is usually related to the stressful life, wrong postures or faulty life-style. Statistics reveals that an adult experiences back pain at least once in their life and it is a common reason to call for a physician or miss the work. Back pain can be dull or intense, a continuous pain or an intermittent pain, sharp and acute or dull and numbing. It can remain located at some specific area at the back or it may spread to the arms or legs. If not treated immediately it can gradually enhance its area of influence and become chronic over time. To determine the detailed clinical facts about backache in its all types of manifestation is important for the disease to go through proper course of treatment.
Back pain usually originates in the spinal cord which is a complex structure of bones, muscles, joints and nerves and each of these has the potentiality to cause pain. Back pain can occur around the neck, at the middle portion of the spinal cord or it can affect the tail bone of the spinal cord. According to the duration of the pain it can be classified as acute which stays for about 4 week, sub acute (4 to 12 weeks) or it can be chronic if it stays for more than 12 weeks. It is observed that the back pain is most prevalent in the ages between 35 to 55 years.
What are the causes of Backache?
In relation to our discussion regarding clinical facts about backache or other types of chronic muscular skeletal diseases we must understand the typical lifestyle oriented effects of these health syndromes. The origin and causes of backache is many, but primarily our lifestyle habits. One of the sources of back pain is the skeletal muscles. Backache is caused muscle strain, muscle spasm or muscles imbalances. Another source of back pain is the synovial joints of the spinal cord. Life-style or posture related problems arise when we regularly lift heavy objects, sedentary working condition where the person has to sit or stand in a definite posture for a longer period of time. Sometimes instead of looking for specific physiological origin, we may have to look for psychological causes like stress, depression, anxiety etc. Backache can have a deeper origin in other diseases of the spine in which case we have to undergo a thorough check up.
How Diagnosis of Backache is done?
The diagnosis of the condition of backache is one of the critical areas to consider in our enumeration of the clinical facts about backache. Backache is diagnosed by the physician in accordance with the severity of the problem or disorder. If the pain is chronic or severe or so as to inhibiting movement of the person to a great extent it needs to be addressed with various imaging diagnosis to have a detailed view of the spinal cord or other portions of the muscular skeletal tissues of our back portion. In most cases the physicians seeks to alleviate the pain instead of recommending a thorough check-up. Most of the backache gets relieved in one or two weeks in which case the physicians assume that there is no underlying problem. However if the pain persists after the initial treatment a thorough check up becomes necessary when the physicians looks for some specific disease or spinal abnormality.
What can be the Treatment for Backache?
In regard to providing here the information and basic explanations regarding the treatment of backache we can basically put here two approaches of backache treatment, holistic approach of natural treatment and allopathic medicinal approach of curative treatment. Normal backache can be treated at home even with minor massage with hot oil but if the problem becomes recurrent or severe then undoubtedly you have to consult a physician. It had been seen that allopathic drugs that are usually administered as the medication for backache only are useful for relieving the pain for a brief time period and as soon as the medicine no longer becomes effective to reduce the inflammation you begin to feel the pain with more acuteness. But in complete contrast holistic processes like hot oil massage, physical exercise and yoga and Ayurvedic or herbal medication for better metabolism and strengthening of bones and joints are more useful for backache treatment rather than allopathic painkillers of short and easy reliefs that are loaded with great array of side effects.
Initially you are recommended to stop the normal physical activity especially strenuous work involving lifting heavy weight, any activity that involves twisting of the spinal cord. Apply heat and cold on the area where you are feeling the pain. It is better if you apply ice for twenty four hour and apply the heat. You can take pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen but as we have already discussed you only have to shift to holistic natural treatment for a lasting relief.
The pain usually gets lessened in one or two weeks. Slowly you can resume our normal activity and start doing aerobic exercises like cycling, swimming etc, but take care not to overdo the physical activity or exercises .Try not to sleep on your back but take a curled up fetal position with a pillow between your legs. For back ache stress and long sitting posture in a particular sitting position is most responsible, so you have to make some changes in your work habits or physical behavior.