Colitis is a disease of the lower abdomen and it is usually associated with diarrhea, pain in the abdomen or rectum, blood in the stool. It is a very painful condition that can lead to other complications and as per our discussion on the clinical facts about colitis we must understand this apparent disease related with digestive order as to have grave complication or origin in other digestive disorders and malfunctions. As per the latest available information regarding the affected population from colitis, civic population living in cities or upwardly mobile industrial societies are more victims of colitis than people of countryside or impoverished societies with simple living hood means. Here we would categorically discuss on the clinical definition of colitis, symptoms of colitis in its wide range of clinical manifestations, causes and risk factors of colitis, medical diagnosis of colitis and finally treatment of colitis.
What is Colitis?
In general demarcation colitis is the disease of the colon. Colitis can be defined as an inflammation in the inner lining of the colon and it is easily associated with diarrhea, pain and blood in the stool. Colitis can have huge and critical implication on the body and can increase in complication very quickly, so once you are having such symptoms without any further delay you should consult your physician and get treated of the malfunctioning irregularities. Understanding the symptoms and its further complications is the most important thing in regard to obtaining clinical facts about colitis.
What are the causes of Colitis?
Causes and risk factors or contributory factors constitute the the most important part in relation to medical analysis of the clinical facts about colitis or any other diseases. The inflammation of the inner lining of the colon can have many causes. It can occur due to infection, loss of blood supply to the colon, inflammatory bowel diseases, invasion of colon wall with collagen or white blood cell.
The ingestion of some disease causing bacteria like Canpylobactor, E.coli, and salmonella with food can cause colitis. Sometimes the antibiotics taken for some other problem in the body kills the bacteria that normally resides in the colon and helps in the over growth of harmful bacteria which causes diarrhea ad colitis.
What are the Symptoms of Colitis?
Colitis can have number of physical symptoms that can vary from utterly painful to inconvenient to literally nominal, but whatever be the side effects or however little health complications it poses you always should be careful about the onset of the disease as to treat the disease in its initial manifestation long before it develops further health complication is important.
As the colon muscles gets inflamed it causes intermittent pain in the lower abdomen as the muscles undergoes spasm like movements. Due to this involuntary spasm, the contents inside the colon moves rapidly which prevents the re-absorption of water and can cause diarrhea. The inflammation can cause eruption in the blood vessels and blood can come in the stool. In some particular type of colitis, the pain may precede the bowel movement and it may recede later to come back again with the next bowel movement. Sometimes fever and other malaise also occur as a symptom of colitis. Colitis in many cases misunderstood as simple constipation and left untreated for a long time until it becomes severe in manifestation of painful syndromes and in this regard the affected patient has to be careful to go for proper medical diagnosis in primary onset of symptoms that resemble colitis.
How Colitis is Diagnosed?
Colitis in most cases take a chronic form that normally needs some time to come under medical control through proper treatment and this is the precise reason why diagnosing the exact manifestation and severity is so important for medical understanding of the clinical facts about colitis. The diagnosis of colitis starts by asking certain questions to the patients, as to the periodicity of abdominal pain and diarrhea. If blood is coming in the stool tests should be done to ascertain whether it is caused by more serious problem like colon cancer. Physician can ask whether the patient has travelled because travelling can cause food poisoning which can later turn into colitis.
Physical examinations becomes sometimes necessary like regular checking for fever, examination of stool for the presence of blood or other abnormal depositions, the vascular checking in case of colitis caused due to obstructed blood flow. Blood test is often done ,like red blood cell count to ascertain whether there is a tendency towards anemia due to blood loss with the stool; white blood cell count because any infection or inflammation usually increases the count of white blood cell. Stool is tested for culture to ascertain whether the origin of colitis is due to bacterial or parasitical infection. Colonoscopy is often done by the physicians along with computerized tomography or barium enemas.
What are the treatments for Colitis?
Remember colitis having deeper health complication on the digestive process and natural detoxification process of the body like bowels movement can further make the affected patient suffer from other health disorders of severe nature, so treatment of colitis is naturally required to address the grave health complications associated with the digestive malfunction and this is why in the recent time besides allopathic curative drugs holistic detoxification and healing processes like Panchakarma have gained such wide ranging popularity. Moreover, apart from treatment and medication lifestyle changes to obtain a smooth natural bowels movement and reduction of other health complications is extremely important.
The initial treatment involves rehydration of the patient and helping in alleviation of pain. Colitis that are caused by bacterial infection can be treated with anti-biotics.Patients with inflammatory bowel disease will need a lifelong treatment so that symptoms and causes can be kept as minimal as possible. Patients with colitis related with constriction of arteries should check their blood pressures and take precautions as in case of heart disease, diabetes, cholesterol and stop smoking. Care must be taken so that the arteries do not get progressively constricted.