Constipation is one of the most frequent health syndromes that cannot be separately considered as a disease, but rather as a symptom or health consequence that in the long run can render detrimental effects on health in many regards. In relation to enumerating here the clinical facts about constipation we must consider this symptom as an effect of malfunction in digestive order or a malfunction in natural detoxification process of the body. Through the clearing of bowel or through proper bowel movement our body is relieved of the toxic substances from the body which is crucial for our body to function in a healthy manner, but once you begin to experience difficulty in your regular bowel movement and constipation sets in, it can result in a long array of difficulties that as a whole can be detrimental to the metabolism of the body in many respects.
What is Constipation?
Constipation refers to a situation where bowel movement is infrequent or hard to pass. This can be a very painful condition when normal bowel and gas movement is obstructed. If it persists it can become chronic and such situation is known as constipation and can become life threatening.
About 12% of the adults all over the world complain of constipation. Constipation is more prevalent in female than in male and as most of the recent studies observed constipation as a derogatory health syndrome can have a huge bearing in worsen the metabolism of the body and several other crucial diseases can follow constipation like gastric problem, acid reflux syndrome, high blood pressure, insomnia, all types of liver disorders and even depression. As for understanding the clinical facts about constipation these great array of side effects and onset of diseases are important to consider the importance of treating constipation.
Constipation can occur due to many causes which can be classified under two headings, obstructed defecation or colonic slow transit. The former includes mechanical and functional causes while the latter is due to diet, hormonal disorders, side effect of medication and rarely due to heavy metal toxicity.
As constipation is not a disease but a symptom the treatment usually involves finding the cause of constipation. The treatment involves dietary regimes, using laxatives, enemas and in some situation surgery may become necessary.
What are the causes of Constipation?
The causes of constipation are many, but mostly related with the digestive disorder. To understand the causes of constipation one needs to have a glimpse at the basic way that our health functions. Our regular food intake must be supplemented with proportionate intake of water and it must be followed with a regular proportion of physical exercise and rest and then only our digestive order with the timely secretion of acid and enzymes helps to break it properly and process the energy from them required for the body and pass the rest toxic substance for bowel to clear off from the body. Now if our regular living habits and lifestyle irregularities becomes so harmful for the body as to inhibit or de-regularize our bowel movement, then it takes the form of constipation either through non-proportionate bowel movement or through irregularity of the same or through inhibition of bowel movement in severe cases. Remember understanding the important lifestyle causes and its effects are the most important aspect of obtaining clinical facts about constipation.
Except lifestyle causes though there can be other medical causes erupting out of certain diseases and physical disorders, the main cause of this disorder is always referred to our sedentary as well as irregular lifestyle. In adults it can occur due to congenital reasons in which case a regular precaution has to be taken throughout the life. Constipation can occur due to low intake of dietary fiber, inadequate fluid intake, sedentary lifestyle with no exercise, side effects of medicines.
Constipation can also occur due to over-consumption of dairy products, over use of laxatives which can weaken the colon muscles. It can occur due to metabolic or endocrinal problems.
How Constipation is Diagnosed?
The diagnosis is usually made by the patient's descriptions of the symptoms. Those symptoms include irregular bowel movement as it is hard to pass, very firm or comes out in small hard pellets. Further examination usually reveals low intake of dietary fiber, less intake of water or fluid in any form, little or no exercise or due to side effect of some particular medicines taken regularly.
However, if the doctor suspects the cause to be related to hormonal disorder he can recommend blood test. He can also recommend barium test or colonoscopy if there is any problem in the colon. In case of colon cancer, an early detection and treatment is a must.
What are the Treatments of Constipation?
In regard to our discussion on clinical facts about constipation medication or treatment is the aspect that unlike other diseases is mainly centered on holistic changes in lifestyle rather than medication through allopathic drugs. The treatment usually involves the advice of adequate intake of dietary fibers, daily intake of at least 4-5 liters of water. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals. Regular use of laxatives is usually discouraged as the person may become dependent on the laxatives for a regular bowel movement. Light exercise can also relieve this problem. In most severe cases of constipation a holistic approach of treatment incorporating several lifestyle changes, changes in dietary habits can provide better and lasting relief from the disorderly syndromes than so called medical laxatives. Huge intake of water and dietary fiber present in various types of vegetables and green leaves can result in fast relief. Proper rest and proportionate physical exercise and timely food intake are three aspects that play a crucial role in making your digestive order function better and simultaneously provide relief from constipation.
If the dietary regime is not working, then you can take milk of magnesia as it is easily available, cheap and without any side effect. Other medicines used in case of constipation are prucalopride and lubiprostone. Sometimes the feces are to be removed physically, the procedure known as manual disimpaction.