Tej Patta (Bay Leaf)

Tej Patta (Bay Leaf)

Botanical name: Laurus nobilis

Common Names: 
Tamalpatra (Sanskrit), tej pat, tejpat, tejpata (Hindi), Bagaara aaku, Palav aaku (Telugu), Punnai ilai (Tamil), Daalchini (Kannada) and Bay leaf (English).

Habitat
The plant is mostly grown in the places with Mediterranean climate. Commercially it is grown in Turkey, India, France, Belgium, Italy, Russia, Colombia, Central America and North America. The leaves are mostly used for medicinal purpose.

Medicinal Properties

Tej Patta or bay leaf contais chemicals such as cineole,eucalyptol, terpenes, sesquiterpenes, phellandrene, linalool, geraniol, and terpineol which provide them astringent, antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, carminative, aromatic, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emetic and stomachic properties. Moreover, it is rich in vitamin C and contains minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc and magnesium Thus, bay leaves are considered to be very beneficial.

Medicinal uses

  • The leaves are highly effective in the treatment of diabetes, migraine and gastric ulcers.
  • They are quite beneficial in case of bacterial and fungal infections.
  • Bay leaves are frequently used in aromatherapy due to its aromatic properties.
  • Bay leaf is also used in the treatment of rheumatism, amenorrhea, and colic.
  • They maintain the sugar level of the blood.
  • They improve the immune system of the body and thus acts as an anti-viral agent.
  • Tej patta is a rich source of copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium and thus helps in maintaining the pulse rate and blood pressure.
  • The essential oils extracted from tej patta are quite effective in the treatment of arthritis, muscle pain, bronchitis and flu.
  • This is also effective in treating paralysis, gastric disorders, and abdominal pain. 
  • Bay leaf is also used as an antidote to poison.
  • The fruits are useful in case of abnormal vaginal discharge.
  • Sore throat and diarrhea can also be treated by bay leaf.
  • Tej patta are very beneficial in infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts and the leaf juice promote menstruation.
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