According to Ayurveda, vata, pitta and kapha are the doshas present in every individual. For healthy living it is necessary that each doshas must contain in proper balance. With unhealthy eating and living a sedentary lifestyle, these doshas get imbalanced, triggering several types of diseases in the body.
Through Panchakarma the imbalances of body can be treated. Panchakarma refers to five therapies in Ayurveda, ("PANCH" means five and "KARMA" means action). Panchakarma cleanses the toxicity of the body occurred due to poor eating habit and bad lifestyle. Any imbalance in doshas leads to several diseases. Through Panchakarma therapy body can regain the required balances.
About Panchakarma Therapy
Panchakarma is divided into three parts:
1) Purva Karma (Preparatory Process)
Purva karma consists of two steps: Snehana (Abhyangam) and Swedana (Steam Bath)
(a) Snehana (Abhyangam):
In Snehana, Oil is massaged to the entire body to remove stress and for nourishment of nervous system. Snehana is given daily according to the requirement of an individual. Oils like ghee and medicated herbal oils are applied on the body.
BENEFITS OF SNEHANA:
Skin becomes softer and tissues rejuvenates, strong appetite, internal organs get cleansed.
Swedana is stem bath in medicated water. This bath helps in opening the pores of skin. It is immediately done after Snehana. This process liquifies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins. Swedana is performed during day time in hot weather and at night in cold climate.
Body becomes soft; the doshas are removed from the affected srotasas and get directed towards the koshtha.
Pradhanakarma consists of five steps:
(a) Vamana (Emesis Therapy):
In this therapy artificial vomiting is induced through herbs. It is done to remove Kapha toxins collected in the body .It is the most effective treatment in Kapha Dosha. Vaman can be performed at any time after Snehana and Swedana.
People suffering from obesity, psychological disorders, bronchial asthma, psoriasis, hyperacidity, and skin disorders can opt for Vamana.
(b) VIRECHANA (Purgation):
This process is done on people with increased Pitta doshas. In this treatment Pitta Doshas collected in the liver and gallbladder are removed.
Diseases such as diabetes, asthma, skin disorders such as herpes, paraplegia, hemiplegic joint disorders, digestive disorders, constipation, and headaches can be cured through Virechana Therapy.
(c) NASYA (Nasal Administration):
Nasya eliminates the increased Kapha doshas situated in the head. In this process medication is given through the nose. In this therapy medicated oil is used through the nose to clean the Kapha toxins from the head and neck part. This therapy can be given up to 30 days, depending on the condition of the patient.
It improves insomania, memory, eye sight, pre-mature greying of hair, relieves from headache, migrane etc.
(d) BASTI (Enema):
Most of the disease is caused by the imbalance in Vata Dosha. Basti treatment is mainly used in the rainy season as Vata dosha is high in this season.
Basti is considered as the best panchakarma treatment as all the three imbalanced doshas can be corrected. The accumulated toxins are removed from the body.
This therapy is beneficial for cervical spondylitis, digestive disorders, backache, infertility, obesity, piles etc. The therapy may be given for 8 to 30 days based on the requirement of patient.
(e) RAKTA MOKSHANA:
Rakta mokshana is caused due to impurities in blood. Any disturbance in blood circulation causes disease. This therapy is done to remove the impurities in blood. This process is done only on some patients.
3) Paschat karma:
Paschat karma is a special diet and instruction to be followed after panchakarma treatment. This diet helps the person to acquire sufficient calories along with maintaining doshas.by following these diets it increases strength and energy of the body, improves metabolism and activates the appetite.
It is highly recommended to avoid following habits:
Duration Panchakarma Therapy
It is performed under personal care of an ayurvedic physician. Around 15 to 23 days are required for the Panchakarma therapy.
Behavioral Pattern during Panchakarma