Yoga and Pregnancy
Giving birth to a baby is a dream of every woman. Though, giving birth is a complex phenomenon and painful too, the complexity can be reduced a lot by combining yoga with pregnancy. If some specific yoga is practiced during the time of pregnancy, the childbirth can made be quite healthy and safe. Yoga has several techniques specially designed for practicing during the course of pregnancy, which are very helpful for a normal delivery. A series of yogic practices during pregnancy provides with correct flexibility in postures, reduces stress and also improves the breathing capacity, which is very important at the time of pregnancy. Moreover, these practices also improve the inner strength, immunity and control over body as well as emotions. Yoga also helps in the proper nourishment of fetus inside the womb, which is very important for the baby for their health. It prepares the mother physically as well as mentally for the changes occurring during and after the birth.
Yoga has provided certain specific practices which includes some asanas, pranayama, mudras, dhyana(meditation) and yogic nidra( deep relaxation) which can prove beneficial at the time of pregnancy and after pregnancy too.
Asanas: Asanas are certain body postures designed to gain the flexibility of muscles. It also regulates the breathing and maintains a harmony between the body and the mind. At the time of pregnancy, several anatomical, physical and physiological changes take place in the body. Yoga helps to cope the mother with these changes.
Practicing different asanas during pregnancy helps to boost the confidence of the mother and builds balance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic system of body by making the spine strong and flexible. They also reduce the recovery tome after birth. It also improves the circulatory system of body and makes the muscles, abdomen and pelvis well toned to support the increased weight of uterus during pregnancy. Hence, prescribed asanas should regularly be practiced a pregnant woman to keep herself out of any complexity. This is beneficial for both the mother and the expected child.
Pranayama: Breathing exercise helps in the proper supply of oxygen to the mother as well as the fetus. It makes the mother mentally and physically relaxed. This practice reduces the risk of anxiety and high blood pressure in the mother, which can be very harmful for both mother and child. It reduces the stress and improves the functioning of nervous system too.
Meditation: Meditation plays an important role in reducing the distractions, nervousness, fear and tension from the mind, which are the most prevalent characteristics found in the pregnant woman. It helps in the creation of physical and mental harmony and induces a sense of relaxation and rejuvenation. A pregnant woman should practice meditation on a routine basis to maintain the calmness of the mind, which maintains pulse rate, anxiety level and proper requirement of oxygen in the body.
Mudras: Proper practice of mudras and bandhas during pregnancy has very good effects on the reproductive organs, which are the most important organ for birth and hence need special care.
Yogic Nidra: During pregnancy, it is very important for the mother to keep herself relaxed and happy. She should be mentally and physically relaxed and should develop a positive sense of happiness inside. This creates the most favorable conditions for the proper growth and development of child inside the body. One of the best ways to develop the sense of happiness is to repeat some positive lines throughout the day, especially during the early morning.
Thus, by performing some yogic practices daily, pregnancy can be made an easier and safe phenomenon.