Five Principles of Yoga
Yoga is one of the most effective techniques of rejuvenation but an individual need to follow some principles in order to get the best results. These are call the five principles of yoga, which was given by Swami Sivananda. Earlier, though people were awrae about the benefits of yoga but were not having the proper knowledge of how yoga is to be done in a correct way. Following these five principles of yoga, one can easily practice yoga correctly and gain the desired benefits of yoga. These principles are:
1) Asanas (Proper Exercise): In contrast to many modern physical therapies, which lay emphasis on the physical fitness, yoga discusses about the physical as well as mental fitness of an individual. It is very important to move our body timely to keep the muscles and joints active. Yoga provides a series of asanas or postures for our physical fitness, which should be carried out daily to keep our body healthy. Moreover, if your body is not healthy, you will not be able to perform meditation also as meditation requires a healthy body.
2) Pranayama (Proper breathing): In general, most of people don't utilize the full capacity of their lungs. Breathing techniques helps us to improve the functioning of lungs to its maximum capacity. Proper breathing brings the air to the lowest pat of our abdomen ensuring that the maximum part of the body gets the sufficient supply of oxygen. This requires the ability to regulate the duration of your breath i.e. between inhalation and exhalation and retention of air in your lungs. This exercise helps you to keep your body and mind calm and under control.
3) Shavasana (Proper Relaxation): Due to excessive work the body gets tired and need to be relaxed. Savasana is the yoga of relaxation through which one can revitalize him after the whole days work. Relaxation is the best method of stress management as the maximum amount of energy of our body is consumed but worries, anxiety, anger and stress. Savasana induces positive energy to us and the body gets recharged with positive energy and attains a sense of internal serenity.
4) Dhyana (Positive thinking and Meditation): this is the most important type, which tells you to keep a positive outlook for life. Meditation increases our mental ability to think and to take decisions. It is the fact that our personality depends upon our thinking and so, we should always think in a positive and productive way. Meditation provides you the ultimate peace of mind and soul. It removes all the negative thoughts of our mind and guides your life to a positive direction.
5) Proper Diet: Yoga suggests that, consuming food is not only important for physical development but it also affects the mental and spiritual progress. Means anything we eat has an effect on our body as well as mind. According to yoga, sattvic (pure, vegeterian) food is the best form of food as it is easily digestible and gives proper nourishment to our body. Only vegetarian diet supports any kind of yoga, as it is itself a part of yoga. Non-vegetarian diet i.e. meat are rajasic and tamasic in nature and is a source of negative energy which distracts our mind and hence, not supported by yoga.
Five principles of yoga given by Swami Sivananda have a great significance in
the science of yoga. By following these five principles, one can enjoy the real
benefits of yoga and lead a healthy life for a longer period of time.